Major battle between the Georgian forces of King Luarsab I of Kartli and the Persian troops led by Shahverdi Sultan, beglarbeg of Ganja. In 1555, the Ottoman Empire and Persia concluded the Treaty of Amassia which partitioned Georgia between the two powers. Shah Tahmasp of Persia immediately set out to claim the eastern provinces of Georgia and dispatched Shahverdi Sultan, beglarbeg of Ganja with the Persian army to conquer Kartli. The enemy invasion was routed by King Luarsab and his son Simon at the village of Garisi, but Luarsab himself died in the battle.
A major battle between the alliance of Georgia and Shirvan and the rising Kara Koyunlu Turkmen near Chalagan (the present day Chalagan-Gyuney, Azerbaijan) in 1412. Timur's campaigns in the Caucasus and Near East in the early 1400s weakened the power of the Ottoman Turks and led to the rise of various tribes. The Kara Koyunlu (Black Sheep) tribal federation was among those benefiting from the political vacuum Timur's campaigns created and the Kara Koyunlu tribesmen, led by a talented Kara Yusuf, did not waste time in seizing control of southern Azerbaijan by 1406. Shervanshah Ibrahim I (1382-1417) of Shirvan (in northern Azerbaijan) was threatened by the Kara Koyunlu expansion, especially after the defection of his former ally, Yar Ahmed Karamanlu of Karabakh. In 1412, Ibrahim appealed for help to King Constantine I of Georgia and, aided by Sidi Ahmed Orlat of Shaki, the Georgian-Shirvani-Shaki alliance troops marched against the Kara Koyunlu. While the size of the armies involved in this battle is unclear, the sources seem to agree that the Georgian detachment consisted of about 2,000 warriors.
The battle was fought near the village Chalagan in December 1412 and resulted in a decisive defeat of the allies. King Constantine and several dozen Georgian troops were captured and beheaded on Kara Yusuf's orders. The battle strengthened the Kara Koyunlu's positions in southern Caucasus and exposed Georgia to the eventual raids by the Turkmen tribesmen.
Decisive battle between the Georgian forces and Jalāl al-Dīn’s Khwarazmean forces in 1227(or 1228). Following the Mongol invasions of Central Asia, Jalāl al-Dīn, the surviving prince of the Khwarazmean empire, led his troops against Georgia in 1226–1226, and ravaged eastern Georgia and sacked Tbilisi. In 1227, the Georgians joined forces with the neighboring Muslim rulers of Rüm and Shaharmens against the invader. However, Jalāl al-Dīn anticipated their moves and intercepted the Georgian forces moving southward near Bolnisi. Outnumbered and without reinforcements, the Georgians and their North Caucasian allies were decisively defeated. This defeat allowed Jalāl al-Dīn to remain in south Caucasia and continue pillaging eastern Georgia for another four years.
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